- How do I know what kind of hearing protection to buy?
When picking the right hearing protection, you need to do the following:
- The working environment needs to be assessed to ensure that the hearing protection gives enough protection and is suitable for the noise hazards in the environment.
- For example, a foam earplug may be more comfortable than an earmuff in humid conditions, as long as it has the right SNR.
- What is the SNR?
SNR stands for Single Number Rating, which is the standard used to figure out how much protection hearing protection gives.
In the European standard, the main purpose of hearing protection is to lower the noise level below 85 dB, but not below 70 dB. If the noise level drops below 70 dB, the worker might not hear a warning signal, like a fire alarm or a forklift backing up, which could be dangerous.
The user gets more protection from hearing loss the higher the SNR level of the hearing protection. The SNR is not the amount by which the noise is reduced.
Instead, it is the amount of protection that is given to bring the noise level below 85 dB. For example, if you are using a chainsaw and the db reading is 100, you need an SNR level of 28 to bring the noise level down to 85db or less.
- How are earplugs different from earmuffs?
Earplugs are small pieces that fit into the ear canal. For them to work, they need to seal off the ear canal so that air can't get in. There are a lot of different kinds of earplugs, and they come in different sizes and shapes.
Earmuffs go over the whole outside of the ear and seal off the ear canal so that it can't hear anything.
Both earplugs and earmuffs can reduce noise by about 15 to 30 dB when they fit properly.
However, earplugs are better for low-frequency noise and earmuffs are better for high-frequency noise. Earplugs and earmuffs can be used together, which is something to think about when the noise is louder than 105dB.
- When should I use earplugs to protect my hearing?
Any place where the noise level is higher than the 85dB limit.
- Respiratory Range
- How do pre filters work?
- Pre–filters are used in places where there are both gas, vapour, and acid hazards as well as particulate hazards.
- The pre–filter goes on top of the main filter, which protects against gas and other things and filters out dust and other small particles.
- This lets you use the right filter for the job and protect against other particles without having to use a full combination filter.
For more information and clarity, please look at our respiratory hazard directory, which has a detailed list of all harmful substances and which filter to use.
- Which filter do I need?
All of the filters come in either a single or a double size, depending on the respirator. In other words, some respirators only need one filter, while others need two.
The only filter that doesn't come in singles is the ABEK filter. The ABEK filter is a combination filter that can be used in places where there are multiple hazards that can't be separated. It protects everyone in every way.
Filters for certain substances, like A, which are organic, are marked with a 1 or 2. Even though both filter 1 and filter 2 protect against the same contaminants, filter 2 filters at a higher part per million than filter 1. So, protecting against higher concentrations of vapours.
The filter needs to be changed when the user starts to "taste" the dangerous substance. This depends on the person, but most filters can be used for about eight hours.
- What is a reusable respirator?
Filtration cartridges that can be changed out are used in reusable respirators to filter out dangerous substances and keep the person wearing it safe.
There are different filters for respirators that are made to filter out different things.
It's important to know what the right cartridge is to keep employees from getting temporary or permanent breathing problems.
When choosing the right respiratory protection, it's important to know what the employees will be handling that could be dangerous and how dangerous it could be.
How dangerous a substance is depending on how toxic it is, its chemical state, how it looks, how much of it there is, and how long you are exposed to it. Some things that could be bad for your lungs are:
• Particulates: dust, fibers, fumes, mists, smoke, and biological contaminants (bacteria, viruses, and fungi) that float through the air.
If you don't know what category the dangerous substance falls into, a safety officer should have all the necessary safety data sheets on hand. You should also contact your PPE supplier so they can tell you what kind of protection you need.
- How are FFP1, FFP2, and FFP3 different from each other?
Particulate filters vary in how much they can filter:
- FFP1 can filter up to 80% of the particles in the air.
- FFP2 can filter up to 95% of the particles in the air.
- FFP3 can filter out up to 99% of the particles in the air.
- What does the acronym FFP mean?
Filtering Facepiece Pieces (FFP), which are also called disposable respirators or masks, are governed by different rules in different places. For a respirator to claim compliance with a certain standard, it needs to have certain physical properties and performance characteristics.
- Sizing Chart - What size will fit me?
- What kind of work clothes should you wear when working with heat?
Burns to the skin and eyes are the two most common injuries that can happen when welding. For safety, the welder should always wear something made of 100% cotton. If a worker could get burned at work or on the job, they should never wear synthetic materials like polyester or polyester blends, which catch fire and burn quickly.
- What makes Cotton different from Polycotton?
It depends on your working environment. When it comes to comfort, the more polyester a piece of clothing has, the less comfortable it is. Cotton is a natural fiber that is soft and smooth, while polyester is rougher and harder.
When mixed with cotton, polyester makes cotton less likely to shrink, wear out, and get wrinkles. Polyester fabric is very resistant to the effects of the environment, which makes it great for long-term use outside.
In a nutshell, a garment made of 100% cotton will make the person wearing it feel comfortable, but it won't be as strong as a garment made of polycotton. A piece of clothing made of 80/20 polycotton is strong, but it doesn't breathe well and isn't comfortable. A 65/35 percent polycotton blend gives the wearer a good mix of the pros and cons of the two fabrics, which are:
• Fade resistance.
- What should I workwear is best for me?
Whether you use work clothes made of polycotton or 100% cotton depends on a number of things. These are strength, cost, UV resistance, comfort, and how long something will last.
First of all, there is a general belief that cotton is better and stronger than polycotton because it is more expensive. This broad statement is wrong. Cotton is more expensive because of supply and demand. Even though there is no real shortage, there is a limit to how much can be grown, while a man-made product like polyester has no real limit.
Workwear manufacturers in South Africa bring in both cotton cloth and polycotton cloth to make a finished product. The polycotton cloth is a lot cheaper than the cotton cloth, so the finished product is cheaper. Polyester is a stronger fabric than natural cotton, and polycotton is cheaper than 100% cotton.
- What is fabric for work clothes made of?
All fabrics are made up of fibers that are either made by people or found in nature. This is a lot longer than it is wide. The next step is to make yarn, which is a long string of intertwined fibers. Last, these fibers are used to make a fabric by weaving two different sets of yarn together. When making a piece of fabric, more yarn is used to make it heavier, which means that the weave is tighter.
- ISO 90001:2008:
For workwear to have the SABS mark on it, it needs to be made in a facility that is accredited by ISO9001:2008 (SANS9001). The SABS will also regularly compare the fabric to SANS 1387 and the finished garments to SANS 434 to make sure they meet the standards.
Often, manufacturers will make workwear from SANS 1387-certified fabric to the exact SANS 434 standards, but they won't go through the process of getting certification from the SABS. This means that their garments won't have SABS logos like the ones below on the labels.
People often call or label these clothes "SABS compliant" or "made to SABS standards," but they are not SABS certified. These clothes will be sold for a lot less than SABS-certified clothes because the company that made them hasn't paid to make sure their factory is ISO9001-certified or to have the clothes certified against SANS 434 standards.
- Class of Fabric:
• Class A: Able to withstand the laundry processes required by SANS 10146 for industrial or hospital use.
• Class B: Able to withstand washing at temperatures up to 95 degrees Celsius.
• Class C: Able to withstand washing at temperatures up to 60 degrees Celsius.
• Class D: Able to withstand washing at temperatures up to 40 degrees Celsius.
Type: Fire Resistance
• In Category 1, the fabric doesn't catch fire within a certain amount of time.
• In Category 2, the fabric catches fire within a certain amount of time, but the flame stops spreading within a certain distance.
• Category 3: The material catches fire within a certain amount of time and may continue to burn, but at a rate that doesn't go over a certain limit.
- Part 1 of SANS 1423
It is about performance requirements for fabrics that aren't likely to catch fire. The standard covers the requirements for flammability performance for four classes of washable clothing fabrics. Each class is divided into three categories for flammability performance.
- SANS 1387:
This standard applies to woven cotton and similar clothing fabrics. The standard covers 11 types of fabrics, but parts 1–4 are for workwear, and part 4 is for cotton jean and drill fabrics. The two main types of materials used to make work clothes are:
• J54: Jeans fabric that has a 2/1 twill weave and weighs at least 220g/m2.
• D59: Drill fabric with a 4/1 satin weave that weighs at least 270g/m2.
The only difference between a twill weave and a satin weave is the way the yarns are woven. Heavy-duty clothes and overalls should be made from D59 drill fabric. If the yarn is the same, a garment made from D59 fabric with a satin weave will be much heavier and denser than one made from J54 fabric with a twill weave.
- SANS 434:
This standard sets requirements for the material, cut, make, and trim of boilersuits, two-piece workwear suits, bib and brace overalls, and coats and jackets (not lined). It does not cover clothing designed to protect against specific hazards. So, this standard is about the materials, how they are made, the styles, sizes, how they are put together, and the stitches and seams. The table below shows important information about SANS 434 and sizes.
- What size glove should I choose?
- What does EN 388 Mechanical mean?
The greater the number, the more resistant the gloves are to that specific risk. The four distinct dangers tested by the EN388 Mechanical Standards:
The ability to withstand abrasions, cuts, tears, punctures.
- Abrasion Resistance is the number of cycles that a glove’s material can withstand against a rough or coarse surface before failing.
- Cut Resistance is the number of cuts or slices that a glove can withstand before breaking down.
- The amount of force a glove can endure before being damaged and torn or ripped is known as its tear resistance.
- Puncture Resistance is the amount of force a glove can sustain before being punctured by a typical single point.
Usage: The cut grade of gloves is the most popular way to identify them. Take “Cut 3 glove” or “Cut 5 Glove” as examples. It is common to refer to a level 3 glove’s cut resistance as being suitable for handling sheet metal. While level 5 cut resistance is suitable for handling glass, level 1 cut resistance is suitable for general use and is appropriate for mechanics.
- What other factors should be taken into account?
Do I require flame resistance, impact resistance, touchscreen compatibility, or thermal protection?
All of these aspects are covered by Dromex’s selection of gloves, several of which have multiple uses.
- What grip factors should I be aware of?
Does this work in an oily, dusty, or dry environment? To prevent their hands from sliding, workers who are working in greasy environments may require coated gloves. In many cases, nitrile is ideal.
- Which glove solution is best for me?
The selection of cut gloves involves more than simply determining the appropriate amount of protection.
Here are some crucial inquiries to take into account when you weigh your options:
- How much cut protection is necessary?
- Determine any possible dangers in the job environment. Cut level 4 or 5 are advised if there are hazardous conditions.
- How much finger dexterity is required?
- Do employees need padding or do they want greater freedom? Extra padding on a glove could be present if a worker needs impact protection for their hands. Thinner gloves could be more suited if a worker requires more dexterity to handle tiny parts.
- What Materials Do Safety Gloves Contain?
Depending on their intended use, safety gloves are composed of a variety of materials. For instance, some safety gloves are leather to prevent abrasion while others are Kevlar to prevent wounds.
Even more defence against specific dangers like chemicals or electricity is offered by certain safety gloves’ unique coatings. Safety gloves all have the same fundamental function of protecting you from danger, regardless of the material they are composed of.
Latex safety gloves are the most popular kind.
- Latex gloves are light and provide a secure grip. They also shield your hands from harmful substances and other dangers. If you are sensitive to latex, you may want to think about wearing another kind of safety glove. Some individuals are allergic to latex.
Vinyl, nitrile, and neoprene-made safety gloves are further varieties.
- Vinyl gloves are more robust than latex gloves and may provide superior defence against slashes and scrapes. Because they can withstand contact with oil and grease, nitrile gloves are a fantastic option for occupations that need this.
Consider the material your safety gloves are composed of and how it contributes to your safety the next time you put on a pair. And be sure to consult your Dromex PPE professional if you’re ever unclear about which kind of glove is ideal for a specific work. Safety is, after all, our first concern!
- What does "safety glove standard" mean?
There are many various kinds of safety gloves available on the market, but what EN standard should they adhere to?
Personal protective equipment must meet the minimal standards outlined in the CE EN standard, which is used across the European Union. This applies to safety gloves as well, which must satisfy certain performance requirements in order to be certified as fulfilling the standard.
Gloves that adhere to the EN 420 standard will have a certification mark attesting to their compliance. Any good safety glove must meet EN 420 standards. It’s the fundamental requirement that disposable gloves used in the medical field—just like cut-5 gloves used in the glass sector or heat-resistant gloves used for soldering—will be certified to meet. Both reusable and disposable single-use gloves are covered by EN 420.
The purpose of EN 420 is to demonstrate that the gloves are safe for the user and pleasant to wear. If these tests are successful, the gloves may next be tested according to EN 388, EN 374, EN 455, EN 407, and other glove standards.
The principal areas covered by EN 420 fall under the following headings:
- Innocuity, which guarantees that the gloves will be cosy, secure, and safe for the user.
- Static electricity and water vapor.
- Instructions and packaging.
- The Glove’s Symbols and Information.
- How should you Store and Care for your Safety Gloves?
When it comes to safety gloves, appropriate maintenance is necessary to guarantee that they will function as intended. The following advice will help you maintain and store your safety gloves properly:
Gloves should be kept out of the heat and the sun in a cold, dry location. Allow them to thoroughly dry out in the air if they become wet before storing them. Safety gloves shouldn’t be placed in the washer or dryer as this might cause harm.
It’s critical to frequently inspect the state of your gloves and replace them if they begin to exhibit wear and tear. You can make sure that your safety gloves will be there to protect you when you need them most by giving them the correct maintenance.
- How to select the appropriate Safety Gloves for the task?
When choosing the best safety gloves for the work, there are a few aspects to take into account. The glove’s material is the first factor. Numerous materials, including as leather, nitrile, latex, Kevlar, and PU, may be used to make gloves. It’s critical to choose the material that is most appropriate for the work at hand since every material has benefits and downsides.
The size of the safety glove is another factor to take into account. Since there are many different sizes of gloves, it’s crucial to choose one that fits properly. A glove’s size might affect how well you can hold things; if it’s too big, it could be unpleasant and not provide enough protection.
Finally, think about the safety glove’s degree of protection. While some gloves only give basic defence against cuts and abrasions, others offer more sophisticated defence against chemicals and heat. To guarantee comfort and safety, selecting the appropriate glove for the task is crucial.
- How many different styles of Safety Gloves exist?
The most typical kinds of safety gloves are:
• Safety gloves with impact protection: Your hands will be shielded from impact wounds like cuts and bruises by these safety gloves. To cushion the force of strikes, they often include additional padding on the knuckles and palms.
• Cut protection safety gloves: As their name implies, these gloves guard your hands from slashes and other sharp things. To stop blades from entering the glove, they are comprised of durable materials like Kevlar or stainless-steel mesh.
• Safety gloves with chemical resistance: These gloves are designed to protect your hands from dangerous substances. Typically, they are constructed out of rubber or other synthetic materials that won’t corrode.
• Heat-resistant safety gloves: With these gloves, you can keep your hands protected from extreme heat. They are often constructed from heat-resistant materials like Kevlar or asbestos.
• Gloves that are resistant to the cold: These gloves shield your hands from the cold. They’re often created with materials like micro foam and insulated fleece that provide you greater grip and keep your hands warm in chilly conditions.
There are also more varieties of safety gloves available, such as those that protect against radiation, electrical hazards, and punctures. Therefore, Dromex can provide you a pair of safe and dependable safety gloves regardless of the sort of job you undertake.
Always remember to use the appropriate safety equipment while dealing with potentially harmful materials or equipment. And if you’re unsure about the kind of safety glove that’s best for you, speak with a specialist at Supa Safety & Dromex. You can work safely if you have the appropriate tools.